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Wassenaar Agreement In Hindi

संबंधित लिंक The agency was established in 1996 as a successor to the Cold War-era Multilateral Export Controls Coordination Committee. The name comes from Wassenaar, a suburb of The Hague, where an agreement was reached in 1995 to launch such multilateral cooperation. The purpose of these changes was to prevent Western tech companies from selling surveillance technologies to governments known to violate human rights. However, some tech companies have expressed concerns that the scope of controls could be too broad, limiting the ability of security researchers to identify and remediate security vulnerabilities. Google and Facebook have criticized the deal for the restrictions it imposes on activities such as penetration testing, sharing threat information and bug bounty programs. [6] [7] They argue that the restrictions will weaken the security of participating countries and will do little to curb threats from non-participating countries. [8] [9] It succeeds the Cold War-era Coordinating Committee on Multilateral Export Controls (COCOM) and was established on 12 July 1996 in Wassenaar, the Netherlands, near The Hague. The Wassenaar Arrangement is much less strict than COCOM and focuses primarily on the transparency of national export control regimes and does not grant individual members a veto over organizational decisions. A secretariat for the administration of the Agreement is located in Vienna, Austria. However, like COCOM, it is not a contract and is therefore not legally binding. To be precise, India has adopted the CHECKLIST of SCOMET items (specialty chemicals, organisms, materials, equipment and technologies) that are mandatory under the Wassenaar Arrangement.

Through the revised list of elements, India is also trying to send a message about its greater commitment to non-proliferation. .

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