For a permanent derogation to enter into force, it must be listed in the corresponding TTMRA Act, which requires the agreement of all australian and New Zealand governments. A party may, at any time, cancel or reduce the scope of a permanent derogation in its jurisdiction. The Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement (TTTA) is an agreement between Australia and New Zealand that allows the free movement of citizens from one of these countries to the other. The regime came into force in 1973 and allows citizens of each country to stay and work in the other country, with some restrictions. Other details of the arrangement have evolved over time. Since 1 July 1981, all persons entering Australia (including New Zealand nationals) must be in possession of a passport. Since 1 September 1994, Australia has had a universal visa requirement and, specifically to ensure the continued free movement of New Zealanders to Australia, the special category visa for New Zealanders has been introduced. We are also working on creating a combined trans-Tasman approach to trade with the rest of the world. Under the Trans-Tasman Travel Arrangement, introduced in 1973, Australian and New Zealand nationals can enter the other`s country to visit, live and work indefinitely, without the need to apply for prior permission. New Zealand is the only country in the world to have such an agreement with Australia. There is no cap on the number of New Zealanders allowed to enter the agreement and the only restrictions on entry are for health and character requirements.
While the path has been hailed by many New Zealanders, some commentators have criticized it as unnecessarily restrictive and discriminatory. Much of the criticism has focused on the imposition of an income threshold that excludes New Zealanders who work in low-income jobs from access to permanent residence. Others, which are likely to be excluded, are those who work part-time, women who have recently taken time off to raise children, and pensioners who, dethough they have sufficient resources to support themselves, do not have taxable income above the threshold in the last five financial years. . . .